Like any parasites, bugs are very unpretentious to the living conditions. All that they need is the availability of food and more or less tolerable temperature conditions for life.
Single feed bed bugs - human blood and only in the absence of it - the blood of small domestic animals: birds and rodents. And the temperature is ideal for life and fast breeding bedbugs coincides with a comfortable temperature for a person, it is 25-30 ° C. That is why the search for where the bugs live should be in the same place where their main victim — the sleeping person — feels the best ...
One can only guess where the bed bugs live from their name alone: they most often settle in bed. The spaces under the mattresses of the beds, the slits in the sofas,especially - having a complex shape, old, leaky pillows, various beds with a large number of holes and cracks in the frames are ideal places for the settlement of these parasites. Here they are literally “on the move” to the main source of food, and here they feel most secure.
It is interesting
Like most concealed insects, bugs have the instinct to hide in those places in which they can come into contact with two surfaces at the same time, both the belly and the back. It makes them feel completely safe. In nature, they find such places under stones and snags, in an apartment of a man - behind baseboards, in the cracks of upholstered furniture and between books. Thanks to a very flat body, the bug can crawl into such a gap, which may seem completely inaccessible to anyone.
In addition, the bedrooms are usually maintained optimal and stable temperature conditions. Although bugs are able to normally exist in the temperature range from + 15 ° C to + 40 ° C, sudden changes in temperature create a sense of stress for them.
In the same cozy bedrooms, and especially - under the mattresses, the space is poorly ventilated, thereby maintaining a constant temperature. Therefore, there bugs live in comfort.
However, beds and sofas are not the only places in which bedbugs willingly spend their days, molting and breeding. If they settle in an apartment, they should also be looked for:
- for plinths and curved corners of linoleum
- under the floor
- behind the cabinets and other furniture tightly fixed to the walls
- under the carpets
- in clothes in the closets
- honey books on the shelves
- behind the pictures
- in bedside tables and chest of drawers
- in various household appliances (in it bugs are attracted by the increased temperature around coolers and compressors)
- bugs live even in sockets
- under the windowsills, especially near the radiators
- under the upholstery of furniture.
Separately, it should be said about wardrobes. Many people before the treatment of the apartment think about whether the bugs live in clothes and whether to treat it.
One can definitely say that it is necessary to process clothes: bedbugs are rarely chosen on trempels, but sometimes individual individuals and moving larvae can live here. If after processing to leave alive at least a few insects, after a certain period the number of bedbugs in the apartment will be restored.
But to the question whether the bugs live in pillows, one can definitely say that they do not live.They are too large to penetrate the fabric to the very down. But under the pillowcase parasites may well live.
It is because of such "universality" of bedbugs that getting rid of an apartment from them requires the total processing of all surfaces and the maximum of things.
But regardless of what exactly bugs live in, the image and timing of their lives are always about the same.
How many bugs live?
The average life expectancy of a bed bug is 10-12 months. Bugs that live in cold rooms on average at lower temperatures live a little longer - up to 14-15 months. For those who inhabit premises with an average temperature of about 30 ° C, the lifespan is reduced to 8-10 months. But the development of their eggs and larvae, as well as the overall rate of egg laying is increasing.
It is interesting
The increase in life expectancy with a general decrease in air temperature in the habitat is characteristic of all animals, including humans. Bugs in natural populations sometimes live to the age of one and a half years. But at the same time they all turn out to be smaller than their thermophilic counterparts.
From the entire period of life, about a month or two leaves the bug at the larval stage, during which it cannot reproduce.The rest of the time, the males work as active inseminators, and the females - as non-stop egg production conveyors.
Speaking about how many bedbugs live, one can not fail to mention their ability to survive periods with unfavorable conditions for life ...
How a bedbug goes through starvation: a little about hibernation
Bed bugs are typical parasites. Like all parasites, they are perfectly adapted to experiencing hungry periods. For example, when apartment owners leave for a few weeks or expose furniture to the street.
Without eating, bugs fall into a state remotely resembling anabiosis. Most of the processes in their bodies slow down, and they are able to survive a nearly one-year hunger strike. Especially their chances of survival increase if such a hunger strike is accompanied by a decrease in air temperature.
On a note
In a similar state, reminiscent of torpor, bed bugs fall as the temperature decreases. Therefore, carrying an infected sofa or mattress into the frost at minus 5 - minus 10 ° C is not terrible for bedbugs - they will become numb for a while, and then they will thaw again and with increased appetite they will pounce on food.Only temperature at minus 22 ° C or lower will kill them.
This duration of permissible hunger strikes coincides with the lifespan of bedbugs of other species without food. For example, water bedbugs and waterman bugs fall into anabiosis in winter and normally starve for 5-6 months.
Given such abilities of bedbugs, one should not hope that during the two-week vacation and the absence of people in the apartment, the bugs will leave her in search of food. Most likely, insects will not even notice such a temporary abstinence.
On a note
Bedbug eats every 5-10 days. And the week-long hunger strike for him proceeds without any problems.
And, finally, it is worth saying how long the bugs live after the treatment of the room by special means.
If the treatment is carried out as carefully as possible with water-based aerosols such as Executioner, Insecticide or Tetriks, bugs live after it no more than two or three hours. When ingested, these drugs lead to the death of the parasites in just a few minutes. The life of bedbugs in the apartment after disinsection is determined only by the period until the remedy gets on the insect.
In total, the moral of the whole story for those who are looking for a way to quickly and easily destroy bed bugs in an apartment: a two-week vacation and carrying the sofa to a weak night frost will not have any effect in the fight against bedbugs. And they should be destroyed by powerful and truly effective means.
Useful video: where do bed bugs appear in the apartment
The apartment is heavily infected with bedbugs. It is clearly seen where the parasites hide