When choosing a remedy for lice and nits, it is important to pay attention not only to its effectiveness and ease of use, but also to the toxicity and aggressiveness of its constituent components. For example, kerosene - a well-known folk remedy for lice - is effective and easy to use, but very dangerous. A spray LiceGuard is very safe to use, but it is effective only as a defense against lice infestation, but when removing parasites that have already appeared in the hair, it, as practice shows, does not always cope.
Therefore, choosing a remedy for lice and nits, it is useful to first examine in more detail its composition and assess the specificity of its constituent ingredients, as well as read the reviews.
The peculiar rating of lice medicine prepared below includes the most effective preparations for today and will help you to understandWhat means of lice as safe and easy to use. Using this information, you can choose the best option for each case.
On a note
It is important to remember that several types and forms of lice parasitize a person - head louse, pubic and clothes. Accordingly, an effective remedy for lice and nits on the head may not be the most effective drug to combat pubic lice, and funds for body lice can sometimes not be used against head parasites.
In this review we will talk about the remedies for head lice, as about the most popular ones. By the way, many of them will be effective against other types of lice.
Types of funds and their effectiveness
An ordinary user often runs up his eyes when he sees all the means of lice in the pharmacy.
Their diversity can be confusing and create a problem of choice, but if you know what types of drugs against lice and nits in general are divided into and what properties drugs of one type are characterized in general, it will be much easier to choose.
Let's take this classification and do it. To put it simply and look at the whole picture,then, by decreasing their effectiveness, various types of lice control can be arranged in the following order:
- pediculicidal emulsion concentrates
- lice sprays
- folk remedies.
On a note
In this list, the types of drugs are sorted by the number of the most effective drugs belonging to one type or another in general. For example, vinegar and kerosene related to folk remedies are much more effective than most creams, but in general, the lice creams themselves, which allow you to quickly and reliably remove parasites, are much more than effective drugs among folk remedies.
By ease of use means are arranged in the following order:
- the sprays
- folk remedies
At the same time, the difference in the difficulty of using, for example, sprays and creams is quite insignificant - the sprays are applied to dry hair, and the cream to wet, with additional rubbing.
And, finally, in terms of safety of use, shampoos, creams and sprays are about the same, concentrates and some folk remedies are inferior to them. The safest and at the same time quite effective remedy for lice is the comb.
Even the most effective remedy for lice is not necessarily able to cope with nits. To destroy the latter, either special preparations for nits are used, or several agents that have an effect on them and on adult insects. At home, most often, nits cannot be destroyed, and the anti-lice remedy is simply applied twice with a break of a week, due to which not the nits are destroyed, but the larvae hatching from them.
The danger of insecticidal lice is primarily a possible allergic reaction to the active ingredients. This is especially true for children - in some of them, seemingly safe means can cause allergic dermatitis. And in some children and even adults, the skin can respond to insecticides with dandruff, itching, atopic dermatitis, damage to the scalp and pigmentation disorders.
All products containing insecticidal substances are prohibited for children under 5 years of age, as well as for pregnant and lactating women.
The above contraindications are relevant for strong folk remedies such as kerosene, vinegar, alcohol and hydrogen peroxide.For example, improper use of kerosene and vinegar can cause serious chemical burns to the skin, and hydrogen peroxide even in weak concentrations leads to a change in hair color.
When treating the hair for a long time, peroxide can lead to their complete discoloration. By the way, women actively use this when detecting lice - to get rid of parasites, it is enough to dye their hair with their previous bleaching with perhydrol.
On a note
Even drugs that are considered relatively harmless on the basis of various herbs actually have their own contraindications and side effects. This is not surprising: sufficiently strong tinctures of poisonous plants are used against lice, as a part of which both alcohol and biologically active natural ingredients act on the scalp. Sometimes these tools are even more powerful than the same kerosene or insecticide-based drugs.
A separate problem is the constant appearance of lice populations that are resistant to various insecticides.
The reason for this is the frequent use of these insecticides at home.
Today, situations regularly occur when with the help of one or another means lice are poisoned but not completely destroyed, and some insects that are paralyzed and temporarily unable to bite, come to their senses after a while and give birth to offspring.
Some of their descendants produce enzymes that can utilize a potentially deadly insecticide. These resistant descendants spread between people and breed, not dying from the treatment now a means that is harmless to them.
Paradoxically, but the more diligently we poison the lice, the more successfully we help them to become resistant to the poison itself. For this reason removal of lice various lotions, creams and shampoos must be combined with combing dead or paralyzed parasites from the hair.
On a note
When buying an insecticidal drug, you should prefer one that includes several insecticides. In this case, the risk that the tool does not work is practically absent. There are also substances like Dimeticon, which do not poison the parasites, but block their respiratory tract and lead to asphyxiation.Lice cannot get used to such drugs in principle. Of the popular remedies, Dimethicone is contained, for example, in the Nydar lice spray.
Also in prosperous America today, a means to destroy lice by high temperatures is being actively marketed - a special dryer that is designed to weaken the lice with hot air (parasites die at a temperature of 50-55 ° C, quite tolerant to humans; the dryer does not destroy all parasites, but substantially weakens, almost paralyzing).
After processing such a hair dryer, the hair must be carefully combed to remove inhibited parasites. Theoretically, such a set of measures promises to be optimal in terms of safety-efficacy, but test experiments are still underway.
Lotions and concentrates
Lotions, concentrates and emulsions are aqueous or alcohol solutions of powerful insecticides. Getting into the body of the parasite, such a means for removing lice usually causes paralysis of its nervous system and rapid death. Some drugs of this type require special dilution before use, others are sold in ready-to-use form.
Medifox is a concentrated solution of permethrin insecticide in ethanol with the addition of castor oil. Before use, the concentrate is diluted in water in the ratio of 8 ml of product per 100 ml of water.
It is believed that Medifox is one of the best means of lice for use by sanitary epidemiological stations and in special detention facilities.
“I’m not going to tell the child, but for adults the most effective remedy for lice and nits is Medifox. When I worked at the station to help the homeless, it was Medifax who lice them and poisoned them. In almost half the cases, even the nits completely die from it. "
Foksilon - inexpensive remedy for nits and lice. It is quite toxic, can cause allergies and irritations, but when properly used, it kills lice and nits in one application due to the content of benzyl benzoate.
The price of this remedy for lice and nits is about 150 rubles per 50 ml bottle. One bottle is enough to destroy the parasites in one person.
Medilis-SUPER is the only pediculicidal agent in the Medilis insect preparation line. It works effectively in cases where lice produce permethrin resistance.
Medilis-SUPER has established itself as a good remedy for head lice and nits of head and ward morphotypes.
Avicin is also a fairly effective remedy against lice and nits, an analogue of Medifox, also based on Permetrine. It is more expensive - 1100 rubles per bottle - and allows you to get rid of lice in one application.
Due to the high cost, Avicin is inferior to Medifox in terms of availability. Not recommended for use in children under 5 years and pregnant women.
“My sister worked for four years in a state kindergarten, then transferred to a private one. In those four years, she was infected with lice, probably six times. Once she had a fight with the parents of the lousy child in such a way that she called the police. She then advised Avicin to me, said that he was the best and most effective against lice. I, fortunately, they were only once. Avitsin really helped. Once he put it on his head, held it as long as necessary, washed it off, combed it carefully, and there were no more lice. I don’t know if this is really the best remedy for lice and nits, because there’s nothing to compare with, but it helped me. ”
Lice shampoos are good in cases where the patient has a very lush and thick hair.Shampoo hair is the easiest to process completely and ensure that the product gets on the scalp.
The composition of pediculicidal shampoos from the point of view of the applied insecticides differs little from that of concentrates, but they usually try to use not too aggressive substances in order to ensure the possibility of treating children.
Pedilin is a fairly effective remedy against lice due to the presence in its composition of two insecticides at once - tetramethrin and malathion. Due to this, Pedilin works even when parasites develop resistance to one of the components.
At the same time, this remedy for head lice has many contraindications and side effects, and it should be used with great care and in strict accordance with the instructions.
Parasidosis, generally speaking, is not the most effective remedy for lice, often requiring re-treatment for complete elimination of both lice and nits. The advantage of it is the presence in the kit comb for combing, careful use of which will allow you to comb all nits, and with a particularly diligent approach - to avoid re-treatment of the head.
The price of this lice medicine is about 300 rubles per 110 ml bottle. Parasidosis is produced in Slovenia.
Insecticide formulation similar to Medifox, very effective, allows destroy nits. The low price of this tool makes it especially attractive, but Hygia has numerous contraindications.
The kit also includes a special comb for combing lice and nits. In most cases, the tool allows you to completely remove the parasites in one step. The cost of the bottle is about 200 rubles.
“We immediately looked for a good remedy against nits. This is understandable - if some nits shampoo destroys, then the lice will output for sure. The best cure for nits, in my opinion, is Hygia. From his head a little bakes a couple of hours, but the lice die out immediately, and the remaining nits simply comb out comb. Besides, I have never seen a cheaper lice remedy, and it's not a problem to buy it, especially with the Internet. It should be used as a simple shampoo, but you should hold it a little on the head, and then walk about five times through the hair from the very roots with a comb. When our son got infected at school, Hygia helped him and us. So use, I have checked this remedy, as they say, ”.
This shampoo is attractive because it contains only natural ingredients. It is used mainly as a remedy for nits, softening their shell and contributing to peeling them off from the hair.
As an independent drug, LiceGuard shampoo is not commonly used because it has a relatively low effectiveness, but is used to enhance the effect of lice combs.
The composition of the shampoo also includes substances that strengthen the hair and improve their appearance. It is quite difficult to buy this lice medicine, it costs one bottle of 800 rubles, and is sold on the territory of our country mainly through the Internet.
Head Lash Sprays
Sprays - perhaps the best remedy for lice with mild infection. They are less likely to cause side effects, easy to use, very effective, but have limitations for use in children.
Spray Pedikulen Ultra
Pediculen Ultra is an effective remedy not only for lice, but also for nits (it is believed that this effect is achieved through the use of alcohol in the composition).
It is produced in Russia, it costs about 450 rubles per bottle, it requires compliance with strict security measures.
Aerosol Vapor Plus
Para-Plus is produced by the French laboratory Omega Pharma, contains three insecticides in its composition and allows you to remove lice in one application.
When using the supplied comb Pair Plus turns into an effective tool and from nits.
Nuda Lice Spray
It is considered one of the best lice products for children, because the active ingredient of the drug is absolutely non-toxic Dimethicone (special silicone).
This component leads to asphyxiation in parasites, and is completely harmless to humans.
Absolutely natural remedy for lice on the basis of essential oils. Not kills nits, adult lice and larvae cause suffocation. As a result - requires double application.
According to numerous reviews, the disadvantage of Paranita is that it is heavily washed off the hair.
Spray repellent LiceGuard
This remedy for lice is quite expensive - about 850 rubles per bottle, and can only be used as an auxiliary drug.
As a rule, it is used to enhance the effect when combing hair with combs.
This French aerosol is one of the most powerful lice and nits remedies for today,however, it cannot be used to destroy parasites on the human body. A-Par is used only for handling items, wardrobes and rooms, that is, against laundry lice.
A-Par has a strong unpleasant odor, is very toxic and may cause irritation of the respiratory tract. The price of this tool is about 500 rubles for a 125 gram bottle.
Creams are relatively inexpensive means of combating lice, however, they require diligent processing of their hair and scalp, careful application to the entire infected surface, and then no less diligent washing them out of the hair.
Doctors rarely advise to use these lice products precisely because of the laboriousness of working with them, but various drugs of this type are on sale and, as reviews show, using them often gives no less pronounced results than using shampoos and sprays.
Nittifor Lice Cream
Nittifor is a fairly effective remedy for lice and nits in the form of a cream, containing permethrin as an active substance. It has an unpleasant smell, it is not recommended for use in children under 5 years old.
Buy cream Nittifor can be both online and in ordinary pharmacies.
Knicks is an analogue of Nittifor, but the concentration of permethrin in its composition is lower, so that it is a remedy for lice and is more safe and safer than Nittifor and can be used for pediculosis treatment in children of all ages.
However, safety requirements when working with it should be strictly followed.
Combs as the safest means
Combs are good because they help get rid of lice and nits, and at the same time are absolutely safe. Their main drawback is the laboriousness of their use, but in the presence of an allergy to insecticides in a child or an adult patient, these lice products are better than even the most delicate chemical preparations.
To remove lice with combs, you must carefully daily comb all the hair on the head from the roots. Brush out lice and nits washed in the bathroom or collected on a clean sheet and taken out on the street.
Comb Free (AntiV)
This comb for combing lice and nits is well advertised in Russia. It works both independently and in tandem with other means.
If you use only the comb, you will get lice in about 6-7 days of regular daily use.And when combined with other effective means of lice (based on insecticides or Dimetikon) provides the excretion of parasites within 3-4 days.
Robi Comb Electronic Lice Comb
The specificity of this comb from lice is that Robi Comb not only combing parasites, but also destroys them by electrical discharge. However, in practice, there were no particular differences in its effectiveness compared to conventional combs, as evidenced by numerous reviews.
As a remedy for nits Robi Comb is ineffective.
Steel Teeth LiceGuard Comb
LiceGuard is also considered to be a very high quality and quite effective comb for combing lice and nits.
It is made in the USA, is well combined with other products of this producer.
Treatment for head lice folk remedies has a pronounced specificity. Almost all traditional products are very inexpensive means, but their effectiveness is inversely proportional to safety: the faster the tool kills lice, the more often they lead to serious side effects.
Next, we list a few folk remedies that can kill lice and nits, and say what harm they can do to the person who is being treated.
Kerosene is considered the most famous and commonly used folk remedy for lice. Destroys both adult insects, and larvae, and nits. However, in parallel, can lead to burns of the scalp and hair loss.
Before use, kerosene is diluted in a 1: 4 or 1: 6 relationship (with vegetable oil), kept on its head until tingling or heat, usually about 40 minutes.
It should be remembered that kerosene is highly flammable!
For removing lice and nits, table vinegar is diluted 1: 2 with water, and vinegar essence is 1:16. Vinegar often causes allergies, is dangerous enough, especially for children.
Especially dangerous is the work with concentrated acetic essence, since its improper dilution is fraught with chemical burns of the skin.
Chemerichnaya water - another very reliable tool for the treatment and lice prevention. Not always available in pharmacies, fairly inexpensive and practically harmless when used correctly.
It should be borne in mind that cemeric water can be dangerous if ingested (if accidentally drunk).
This tool is attractive for its relative harmlessness. It does not cause side effects, just in the application - they just soap the head, like any other soap.
Tar soap can be used for several days in a row: it is especially effective against lice, but to fight nits you should wash your hair with soap for two weeks every other day. A significant disadvantage of this tool is a strong and unpleasant smell. However, if you wash your head after it with a simple shampoo, you can get rid of this effect.
Finally, we will give useful advice that will help protect yourself (or your loved ones) from serious health problems if the remedy is unsuccessful in choosing from parasites: all means for lice, except for combs, should be checked for allergenicity before use. To do this, the drug is applied to the elbow bend for 10-15 minutes. If after this period no skin reactions appear at the site of application (severe redness, swelling, rash), the tool can be used to remove lice on the head.
To achieve a really quick and well-pronounced effect, it is advisable to combine the use of any pediculicidal agent with a comb (for example, buy AntiV comb for combing lice and nits).This technique helps to cope with parasites, even in the most neglected cases, when other approaches fail.
What is important to know when choosing a remedy for lice and nits
How to completely get rid of lice and nits using only one comb and without any chemistry: instructions